Civil engineers create facilities to improve the quality of life of man and its environment. The responsibility of civil engineers is the planning, design, construction and maintenance of facilities and structures such as roads, railway lines, bridges, tunnels, transport systems, harbours and airports, irrigation systems, water and sewage purification, building of all types and many more. They therefore play a leading role in development of the infrastructure. Civil engineers usually specialize in one of the following fields: Structural Engineers use materials such as pre-stressed concrete, reinforced concrete, metal, timber and reinforced plastics. These materials are indispensable in the design of large buildings and bridges.
Water Resources Engineers design and build dams, irrigation system, storm water systems, sewerage and water purification systems, and harbours and coastal structures.
Sanitation and environment engineers develop methods, build facilities and establish policies for the control of environment and the protection of public health.
Geotechnical Engineers study rock and soil mechanics and take responsibility for the design of effective and economic earth and rock structures, dam walls and road fills.
Urban planning, highways, and transportation engineers develop plans for urban expansion, builds airports, railroads, subways and rapid transit systems.
The proliferation of computer system and their applications in industries has led to a significant and growing demand for people capable of designing, programming, configuring and operating computer installations and hardware. Computer Engineering is a specialized field of electronic engineering and deals with hardware development, signal processing, transmission and electronic control systems. Computer engineer are also involved in research, education and telecommunication industry.
Electrical engineers are responsible for the generation of electricity in power stations, where the primary source energy (coal, hydro-energy, and nuclear energy) is converted into electrical energy. Electrical engineers are involved in design of electrical network, transmission of electrical energy, instrumentation, testing and measurement.
The availability of electrical energy is a main factor in development and information gains. Worldwide, electrical and electronic engineering are currently fast-growing industries.
Electrical Engineers are also involved in research development, power plant management and training.
Electronic engineers are responsible for the processing and control of information in all forms. The electronic engineer’s main task is the computer-aided control of systems and the establishment and operation of telecommunications systems. Some products of these engineers include radio, cell phone, television, computers, video and hi-fi equipment, electronic games, medical electronic systems, telephone networks, satellite and aircraft control systems etc...
The mechanical engineer designs, develops, manufactures, maintains and markets mechanical plant. Mechanical plant comprises all machines that improve the quality of our daily lives, such as vehicles, ships, aircraft, electrical machines, air conditioning plants, lifts, missiles technology etc… they also organize and run industrial installations and processing plants.
Mechanical engineers are involved: research, development, manufacture, commissioning, supervision and quality control, maintenance and reliability testing, management, marketing and training. Mechanical engineers can specialize in fields such as machine design, material engineering, marine engineering, naval architecture, aeronautical engineering, air conditioning and refrigeration and metallurgical engineering. Computer-aided design, manufacturing and production, biomedical Engineering, mechatronics.
The metallurgical engineers extract metals from their ores. They also process ores receive from the mines. The can find career opportunities in processing plants, mines, foundries. They can work in the ministry agencies for checking of standards. They can also work in plastic and polymer, construction and fabrication companies, foundries and ceramic industries.
Mining Engineers are devoted to: the discovery of metals or minerals found in ore, the economic, safety and efficient ore removal.
The profession of mining engineer includes a wide spectrum of engineering work among other things, the evaluation of new mining projects. The design and construction of a mine until it becomes productive. The operation, the planning and management of mining activities, the expert control and improvement of aspects such as blasting techniques, mine climate control and environmental restoration, strata control, plant design and the devising of mining methods. Mining engineers are involved in underground mining. Surface mining and ocean mining. They work in close collaboration with geologists, civil, metallurgical and mechanical engineers.